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The art and science dealing with the protection and improvement of community health, prolonging life and promoting health through organized efforts, as opposed to the medical science of preventing disease, or the study of disease in an individual body.
General information on symptoms, causes, treatment
Called the worst pandemic of the world's history, Spanish Flu is a close cousin of today's frightful H1N1 virus. Most influenzas attack the young, old, and those with immune deficiancies. Spanish Flu attacked even healthy young adults, creating a death toll larger than that of World War I.
General information and facts surrounding Spanish Flu, and a list of additional articles at the bottom of the page.
American Pandemic: : the lost worlds of the 1918 influenza epidemic by Nancy K. Bristow
Call Number: SCIENCE RA644.I6 B75 2012
Publication Date: 2012-04-30
Between the years 1918-1920, influenza raged around the globe in the worst pandemic in recorded history, killing at least fifty million people, more than half a million of them Americans. Yet despite the devastation, this catastrophic event seems but a forgotten moment in the United States. American Pandemic offers a much-needed corrective to the silence surrounding the influenza outbreak. It sheds light on the social and cultural history of Americans during the pandemic, uncovering both the causes of the nation's public amnesia and the depth of the quiet remembering that endured.
The Spanish Flu Pandemic of 1918 by Howard Phillips (Editor); David Killingray (Editor)
Call Number: SCIENCE RC150.4 .S66 2003
Publication Date: 2003-07-29
The Spanish Flu pandemic killed 30-50 million people in Europe, North America, Africa, Asia and the Pacific, and is lodged in the popular memory of that generation. The chapters in this book have been structured around five main themes to explore the medical and societal ramifications of this disease: the virology of the pandemic, medical responses, official responses, the demographic impact and the long-term effects of the pandemic. The origins of the virus, the global spread, impact and consequences of the pandemic are all explored in detail.
Winslow founded Yale's School of Public Health in 1915, and created the definition of public health that, except for the addition of "mental" as well as "physical" as health concerns, continues to function, and even served as the basis for WHO's own definition of health. --E-Notes
Go to: http://drs.library.yale.edu:8083/saxon/SaxonServlet?style=http://drs.library.yale.edu:8083/saxon/EAD/yul.ead2002.xhtml.xsl&source=http://drs.library.yale.edu:8083/fedora/get/mssa:ms.0749/EAD&big=y
to look at C.-E. A. Winslow's papers and correspondence in the Yale Library
"The last known natural case was in Somalia in 1977. Since then, the only known cases were caused by a laboratory accident in 1978 in Birmingham, England, which killed one person and caused a limited outbreak. Smallpox was officially declared eradicated in 1979." -- WHO
Article. Belongia, EA & Naleway, AL. 2003. Clinical Medicine and Research 1:87-92. Includes history of smallpox vaccination and eradication.
Polio is a viral infection that can cause paralysis and death. The last naturally occurring case of polio in the US occurred in 1979, but the disease remains a problem in parts of Africa, India, and the Middle East. -- Mayo Clinic
NGO whose goal is to eradicate polio worldwide. Includes information about the disease, an historical timeline back to 1580, and current statistics.
Polio: an American story by David M. Oshinsky
Call Number: SCIENCE RC181.U5 O83 2005
Publication Date: 2005-04-12
Here David Oshinsky tells the story of the polio terror and of the intense effort to find a cure, from the March of Dimes to the discovery of the Salk and Sabin vaccines--and beyond....Both a gripping scientific suspense story and a provocative social and cultural history, Polio opens a fresh window onto postwar America.
Elisha P. Renne explores the politics and social dynamics of the Northern Nigerian response to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, which has been met with extreme skepticism, subversion, and the refusal of some parents to immunize their children. Renne explains this resistance by situating the eradication effort within the social, political, cultural, and historical context of the experience of polio in Northern Nigeria.