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Classics: Rome

This page brings together important resources for various branches of study in classical antiquity.

General History

Resources

L'Année Philologique

Using L'Année Philologique

  1. Search Keywords in top box; combine with Ancient Author in bottom box if desired
  2. Choose relevant title 
  3. Copy title into OneSearch
  4. Select correct listing
  5. If title is unavailable, you can request it through ILLiad (include page numbers, found on L'Année after book or journal title)
  1.  

Military

Timeline of Ancient Rome

  • 753 BCE - Founding of Rome by Romulus
  • 753-715 BCE - Reign of Romulus
  • 715-673 BCE - Reign of Numa Pompilius
  • 534-510 BCE - Reign of the last king of Rome, Tarquinius Superbus
  • 509 BCE - Expulsion of Tarquinius Superbus / Beginning of Republic
  • 449 BCE - Decemviri publish the Twelve Tables of Roman Law
  • 445 BCE - Lex Canuleia- Marriage is allowed between patricians and plebeians.
  • 390 BCE - Sack of Rome by Gauls
  • 367 BCE - Office of Praetor is established
  • 342 BCE - Lex Genucia- No man may hold the same office before 10 years have passed since last election
  • 312 BCE - Construction begins on Via Appia, and Aqua Appia (first Roman aqueduct)
  • 300 BCE - Lex Ogulnia - Plebeians were permitted to become priests.
  • 287 BCE - Lex Hortensia- Made laws passed by Plebeian Council applicable to all citizens / Birth of Archimedes
  • 280 BCE - Pyrrhic War
  • 264-241 BCE - First Punic War; Sicily become first Roman Province
  • 254 BCE - Birth of Plautus
  • 218-201 BCE - Second Punic War
  • 216 BCE - Battle of Cannae: Hannibal defeats Roman forces
  • 214-205 BCE - First Macedonian War
  • 202 BCE - Battle of Zama: Scipio Africanus defeats Hannibal
  • 202-196 BCE - Second Macedonian War
  • 171-168 BCE - Third Macedonian War
  • 146 BCE - Destruction of Carthage
  • 133 BCE - Tribune Tiberius Gracchus secures agragian reform, subsequently murdered
  • 107 BCE - Marian Reforms of the Roman Legions
  • 88 BCE - Sulla's first civil war- first time Roman legions crossed the pomerium
  • 73-71 BCE - Servile War led by Spartacu
  • 67 BCE - Lex Gabinia passes, giving Pompey unprecedented military power against pirates
  • 60 BCE - Formation of First Triumvirate, informal alliance between Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus
  • 54-53 BCE - Crassus's campaign against Parthians is unsuccessful, resulting in his death
  • 49 BCE - Caesar crosses Rubicon, beginning Second Civil War against Pompey and the Optimates
  • 48 BCE - Pompey assassinated in Egypt
  • 45 BCE - Caesar named perpetual dictator of Rome
  • 44 BCE - Caesar assassinated on Ides of March, conspiracy led by Brutus and Cassius
  • 44-42 BCE - Third Civil War between Caesar's assassins and his heirs; Octavian and Antony
  • 43 BCE - Formation of Second Triumvirate; formal alliance between Octavian, Mark Antony, and Marcus Lepidus
  • 31 BCE - Battle of Actium: Octavian defeats Mark Antony and Cleopatra
  • 29 BCE - Virgil begins writing The Aeneid
  • 27 BCE - Octavian named Augustus Caesar - sole ruler of Rome / End of Roman Republic - Beginning of Roman Empire
  • 8 CE - Ovid first publishes his Metamorphoses
  • 9 CE - Battle at Teutoburg Forest
  • 14 CE - Augustus Caesar dies
  • 43 CE - Invasion of Britain under Emperor Claudius
  • 64 CE - Great Fire of Rome
  • 70 CE - Sack of Jerusalem
  • 79 CE - Eruption of Mt. Vesuvius at Pompeii
  • 80 CE - Inauguration of the "Colosseum"
  • 122 CE - Construction of Hadrian's Wall begins
  • 306-337 CE - The Reign of Constantine
  • 324 CE - Constantine takes the small city of Byzantium as his capital.
  • 330 CE - Byzantium is rechristened Constantinople on May 11.
  • 397-400 CE - Augustine publishes his autobiographies, The Confessiones.
  • 410 CE - Sack of Rome by Alaric I
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