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Occupied Paris Research Guide: RESISTANCE & COLLABORATION
By the early l940s, when Ukranian-born Irène Nemirovsky began working on what would become Suite Française—the first two parts of a planned five-part novel—she was already a highly successful writer living in Paris. But she was also a Jew, and in 1942 she was arrested and deported to Auschwitz: a month later she was dead at the age of thirty-nine. Two years earlier, living in a small village in central France—where she, her husband, and their two small daughters had fled in a vain attempt to elude the Nazis—she’d begun her novel, a luminous portrayal of a human drama in which she herself would become a victim. When she was arrested, she had completed two parts of the epic, the handwritten manuscripts of which were hidden in a suitcase that her daughters would take with them into hiding and eventually into freedom. Sixty-four years later, at long last, we can read Nemirovsky’s literary masterpiece. -Publisher
In this monumental new account of the Vichy years, Julian Jackson examines French experiences of Occupation during the 'Black Years' of 1940-4. Pulling together previously separate 'histories' of occupation, resistance, and collaboration he presents a definitive history of the period. This isa more complex history than the traditional dichotomy between 'collaboration' and 'resistance', one in which the ideological frontiers between Vichy and the Resistance were often blurred. This study ranges from the politics of Marshal Petain's regime to the experiences of the ordinary Frenchpeople, from surrender in 1940 to the purges of liberation. The author restores the organized Resistance to a more central role than has been customary in recent years and presents a new social history of the resistance which takes in the roles of foreigners, women, Jews, and peasants. He uncoversthe long term roots of the Vichy regime in political and social conflict and cultural crisis stretching back to the Great War and concludes by tracing the lasting legacy and memory of Occupation since 1945.
France and the Second World War: Occupation, Collaboration, and Resistance [BOOK]
A concise introduction to a crucial and controversial period of French history. It provides a fresh insight into the events of this era of conflict exploring themes of collaboration, resistance, liberation and the wars legacy.
Choices in Vichy France: The French Under Nazi Occupation [BOOK]
Post-World War II scholarship and films like The Sorrow and the Pity have frequently replaced the old Gaullist notion of widespread resistance, and cultivated the impression that the French may well have been a "nation of collaborators," embracing the dream of a new authoritarian order in France as embodied by the puppet Vichy regime of Marshall Petain, and hindering the network of the French Underground.From evidence gathered in France, Germany, and England, John F. Sweets has produced an insightful reappraisal of French life during the war at Clermont-Ferrand, the largest town near the occupational capital of Vichy, and the very setting of The Sorrow and the Pity. Having thoroughly examined town archives, records, and manuscripts, the author reconstructs occupational commerce, education, media, and attitudes, maintaining that, contrary to popular opinion, the vast majority of French were far from collaborationist. Choices in Vichy France details the effects upon society of war, oppression, internment, rationing, aryanization, and propaganda, painting a portrait of the wartime French that lies somewhere between the extremes of outright resistance and enthusiastic collaborationism. With illustrative examples of what day-to-day life was like in the region for the German, the Jew, the Communist, and the fascist, as well as the French masses, this provocative book opens a remarkably clear window onto an era of history often fraught with misunderstanding and suspicion.
Occupied France: Collaboration and Resistance, 1940-1944 [BOOK]
This concise history of France from the occupation in 1940 to liberation in 1944 focuses on the struggle between those who favoured collaboration with the occupying Germans and those who opted to resist.
"The book pieces together how Coco Chanel became a German intelligence operative; how and why she was enlisted in a number of spy missions; how she escaped arrest in France after the war, despite her activities being known to the Gaullist intelligence network; how she fled to Switzerland for a nine-year exile with her lover Dincklage. And how, despite the French court's opening a case concerning Chanel's espionage activities during the war, she was able to return to Paris at age seventy and triumphantly resurrect and reinvent herself--and rebuild what has become the iconic House of Chanel."--P.  of jacket
French Intellectuals and Politics from the Dreyfus Affair to the Occupation [BOOK]
By David Drake
Available at Colby DC33.7 .D72 2005
France: The Dark Years, 1940-1944 [BOOK]
By Julian Jackson
Available at Colby DC397 .J335 2001
This is the first comprehensive study of the German occupation of France between 1940 and 1944. The author examines the nature and extent of collaboration and resistance, different experiences of Occupation, the persecution of the Jews, intellectual and cultural life under Occupation, and the purge trials that followed. He concludes by tracing the legacy and memory of the Occupation since 1945. Taking in ordinary peoples' experiences, this volume uncovers the conflicting memories of occupation which ensure that even today France continues to debate the legacy of the Vichy years.
Des élites dans la guerre [BOOK]
Paris: Centre de documentation juive contemporaine (1997) Available to borrow through WorldCat.
Journal 1942-1945 [BOOK]
By Jean Cocteau, texte établi, annoté et présenté par Jean Touzot
Available at Colby PQ2605.O15 Z512 1989
Jean Cocteau and the French Scene [BOOK]
Available at Colby PQ2605.O15 Z6863 1984
Elites in French Society: The Politics of Survival [BOOK]
By Ezra N. Suleiman
Available at Colby HN440.E4 S94 (1978)
France Under the Germans: Collaboration and Compromise [BOOK]
By Philippe Burrin, translated by Janet Lloyd -- D802.F8 B8613 1996
Collaboration in France: Politics and Culture During the Nazi Occupation, 1940-1944 [BOOK]
Edited by Gerhard Hirschfeld and Patrick S. Marsh -- D802.F8 C578 1989
You might be interested in reading...
Outwitting the Gestapo [BOOK]
By Lucie Aubrac; translated by Konrad Bieber and Betsy Wing; with an introduction by Margaret Collins Weitz
Available at Bates & Bowdoin D802.F8 A7913 1993
Lucie Aubrac (1912-2007), of Catholic and peasant background, was teaching history in a Lyon girls' school and newly married to Raymond, a Jewish engineer, when World War II broke out and divided France. The couple, living in the Vichy zone, soon joined the Resistance movement in opposition to the Nazis and their collaborators. "Outwitting the Gestapo" is Lucie's harrowing account of her participation in the Resistance: of the months when, though pregnant, she planned and took part in raids to free comrades--including her husband, under Nazi death sentence--from the prisons of Klaus Barbie, the infamous "Butcher of Lyon." Her book is also the basis for the 1997 French movie, "Lucie Aubrac," which was released in the United States in 1999.
Sisters of the Resistance: How Women Fought to Free France, 1940-1945 [BOOK]
By Margaret Collins Weitz
Available at Colby D802.F8 W44 1995