Some style manuals do provide instructions for the citation of data. Usually there are basic rules for the order of citation elements, regardless of the type of work. This is what you will need to pay close attention to in order to format your citation correctly. If you can’t find a generic list of rules, then look at how the citation for a book is formatted.
If the style manual you are using does not address data citations, you can follow these general rules.
Who is the creator of the data set? e.g., individual, a group of individuals, or an organization
What name is the data set called, or what is the name of the study?
Edition or Version
Is there a version or edition number associated with the data set?
What year was the data set published? When was the data set posted online?
Is there a person or team responsible for compiling or editing the data set?
Publisher and Publisher Location
What entity is responsible for producing and/or distributing the data set? Also, is there a physical location associated with the publisher?
What type of file is the data set? Is it on CD-ROM or online?
This may or may not be a required field depending on the style manual. Often this information is added in explanatory brackets, e.g. [computer file].
Electronic Retrieval Location
What web address is the data set available at? Is there a persistent identifier available? If a DOI or other persistent identifier is associated with the data set it should be used in place of the URL.