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Global Justice: DAVID MILLER



"I have wide interests in the field of political theory. Although in the past I have done some work in the history of political thought, my research is now focussed on issues in contemporary political theory and philosophy. These include: theories of justice and equality; democratic theory; the concepts of nationality and citizenship; multiculturalism and immigration; and global justice. My book National Responsibility and Global Justice was published in November 2007, and I am continuing to work on questions that arise from that book, in particular the relationship between social justice and global justice, and the question of how the boundaries of distributive justice are set. I am also working on the question of territorial rights, and how nations can acquire such rights. A further related interest is in the idea of collective responsibility, and in particular the allocation of responsibility in situations where there are multiple agents each capable of remedying some harm. I intend in the future to do further work on social justice in multicultural societies, and to continue to engage critically with cosmopolitan conceptions of global justice and governance."

--Description from professional web site


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'Toleration, Self-Determination and the State' in Y. Benbaji and N. Sussman (eds.), Reading Walzer (London: Routledge).

'Territorial Rights: Concept and Justification', Political Studies.

'Grounding Human Rights', Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy.

'Justice and Borders' in F. D'Agostino and J. Gaus (eds), The Routledge Companion to Political and Social Philosophy (London: Routledge).

'The Idea of Global Citizenship' in R. Smith (ed.), Citizenship, Plural Citizenships, and Cosmopolitan Alternatives (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press).

'Are Human Rights Conditional?', Archiv for Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie.

'Collective Responsibility and Global Poverty', Ethical Perspectives.



'A Reply to Five Critics', Theoria, 129, 95-106.

'David Owen on Global Justice, National Responsibility and Transnational Power: A Reply', Review of International Studies, 37, 2029-34.

'Will Kymlicka on Multicultural Citizenship in Multination States: A Response', Ethnicities, 11, 303-7.

'Taking up the Slack? responsibility and justice in situations of partial compliance' in C. Knight and Z. Stemplowska (eds.), Responsibility and Distributive Justice (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

'Property and Territory: Locke, Kant, and Steiner', Journal of Political Philosophy, 19, 90-109.

'On Nationality and Global Equality: A reply to Holtug', Ethics and Global Politics, 4, 165-71.



'Why Immigration Controls are not Coercive: A Reply to Arash Abizadeh', Political Theory, 38, 111-20.

'Against Global Democracy' in K. Breen and S. O'Neill (eds), After the Nation: Critical Reflections on Post-Nationalism (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan).

'In Defence of Weighting: A Reply to Robert van der Veen', Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, 13, 561-66.


National Respnsibility and Global Justice
by David Miller (Book--2007) [E-BOOK]

"This book presents a non-cosmopolitan theory of global justice. In contrast to theories that seek to extend principles of social justice, such as equality of opportunity or resources, to the world as a whole, it argues that in a world made up of self-determining national communities, a different conception is needed. The book presents and defends an account of national responsibility which entails that nations may justifiably claim the benefits that their decisions and policies produce, while also being held liable for harms that they inflict on other peoples. Such collective responsibility extends to responsibility for the national past, so the present generation may owe redress to those who have been harmed by the actions of their predecessors. Global justice, therefore, must be understood not in terms of equality, but in terms of a minimum set of basic rights that belong to human beings everywhere. Where these rights are being violated or threatened, remedial responsibility may fall on outsiders. The book considers how this responsibility should be allocated, and how far citizens of democratic societies must limit their pursuit of domestic objectives in order to discharge their global obligations.

The book presents a systematic challenge to existing theories of global justice without retreating to a narrow nationalism that denies that we have any responsibilities to the world's poor. It combines discussion of practical questions such as immigration and foreign aid with philosophical exploration of, for instance, the different senses of responsibility, and the grounds of human rights."  


Political Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction
by David Miller (Book--2003)

"This Very Short Introduction introduces readers to the key concepts of political philosophy: authority, democracy, freedom and its limits, justice, feminism, multiculturalism, and nationality. Accessibly written and assuming no previous knowledge of the subject, it encourages the reader to think clearly and critically about the leading political questions of our time.

Miller first investigates how political philosophy tackles basic ethical questions such as 'how should we live together in society?' He furthermore looks at political authority, discusses the reasons society needs politics in the first place, explores the limitations of politics, and asks if there are areas of life that shouldn't be governed by politics. Moreover, he explores the connections between political authority and justice, a constant theme in political philosophy, and the ways in which social justice can be used to regulate rather than destroy a market economy.

In his travels through this realm, Miller covers why nations are the natural units of government and wonders if the rise of multiculturalism and transnational co-operation will change all this, and asks in the end if we will ever see the formation of a world government." -Publisher

Principles of Social Justice 
by David Miller (Book--1999)

"Social justice has been the animating ideal of democratic governments throughout the twentieth century. Even those who oppose it recognize its potency. Yet the meaning of social justice remains obscure, and existing theories put forward by political philosophers to explain it have failed to capture the way people in general think about issues of social justice. This book develops a new theory. David Miller argues that principles of justice must be understood contextually, with each principle finding its natural home in a different form of human association. Because modern societies are complex, the theory of justice must be complex, too. The three primary components in Miller's scheme are the principles of desert, need, and equality.

The book uses empirical research to demonstrate the central role played by these principles in popular conceptions of justice. It then offers a close analysis of each concept, defending principles of desert and need against a range of critical attacks, and exploring instances when justice requires equal distribution and when it does not. Finally, it argues that social justice understood in this way remains a viable political ideal even in a world characterized by economic globalization and political multiculturalism. Accessibly written, and drawing upon the resources of both political philosophy and the social sciences, this book will appeal to readers with interest in public policy as well as to students of politics, philosophy, and sociology." -Publisher


On Nationality
by David Miller (Book--1995)

"Nationalism is a dominating force in contemporary politics, but political philosophers have been markedly reluctant to discuss, let alone endorse, nationalist ideas. In this book, David Miller defends the principle of nationality. He argues that national identities are valid sources of personal identity; that we are justified in recognizing special obligations to our co-nationals; that nations have good grounds for wanting to be politically self-determining; but that recognizing the claims of nationality does not entail suppressing other sources of personal identity, such as ethnicity. Finally, he considers the claim that national identities are dissolving in the late twentieth century. This timely and provocative book offers the most compelling defense to date of nationality from a radical perspective." -Publisher


Social Justice
by David Miller (Book--1976)

"This book explores the various aspects of social justice--to each according to his rights, to each acording to his desert, and to each according to his need--comparing the writings of Hume, Spencer, and Kropotkin. Miller demonstrates that there are radical differences in outlook on social justice between societies, and that these differences can be explained by reference to features of the social structure."

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